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Euphorbia Si Ratu Bunga Berduri Bunga euphorbia adalah tanaman bunga yang berasal dari Madagaskar. Bunga ini termasuk golongan kaktus. Sama halnya seperti kaktus-katus lain, euphorbia juga tumbuh subur di daerah yang panas dan kering. Penyebaran bunga euphorbia dimulai dari Madagaskar lalu ke China dan ke Thailand. Dan sekarang sudah dapat dijumpai sampai di Eropa, Timur Tengah, Amerika dan Asia. Nama bunga euphorbia diambil dari salah seorang dokter kerajaan Juba Mauritania di Afrika Utara yang bernama Euphorbus. Dokter Euphorbus lah yang memindahkan bunga ini dari gurun pasir menjadi bunga penghias yang cantik di kerajaannya. Di Indonesia sendiri, binga ini bisanya digunakan sebagai border taman. Memiliki tinggi standar 150 cm dan lebar 100 cm. Bunga yang menggerombol hingga hampir menutup batangnya membuat bunga euphorbia nampak cantik.

Kunci keberhasilan Euphorbia pada media tanam yang baik. Media tanam yang baik akan membuat tanaman ini tumbuh subur , sehat, akar kuat, batang kokoh, dan rajin berbunga. Selain itu, media tanam juga merupakan sumber utama penyedia unsur hara . Media tanam yang digunakan untuk menanam Euphorbia disesuaikan dengan lingkungan tumbuh dan kebutuhannya. Euphorbia tidak menyukai tempat yang basah dan lembab. Persyaratan media yang digunakan untuk menanam Euphorbia yang baik adalah

v mampu mengikat dan menyimpan air dan hara dengan baik

v memiliki aerasi dan drainase yang baik

v tidak menjadi sumber penyakit

v tahan lama

v mudah diperoleh

Media yang banyak rongga nya akan mampu menimpan oksigen untuk proses respirasi.

Berbagai media tumbuh untuk Euphorbia ,Umumnya merupakan campuran bahan – bahan yang porous, bahan organic, dan tanah. Euphorbia termasuk tanaman sukulen yang membutuhkan media kering. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan campuran bahan – bahan yang porous sebagai media tanahnya. Ada berbagai macam formula campuran media tumbuh yang digunakan. Setiap nursery biasa memggunakan formula yang berbeda – beda. Beberapa bahan yang dapat digunakan antara lain : arang sekam, pasir, serbuk kelapa, pakis, pupuk kandang, dan sekam biasa.

Selain memilih media tanam yang baik , Euphorbia yang akan dipelihara harus dipilih dari kualitas yang terbaik. Euphorbia ditanam untuk dinikmati keindahan bunganya. Oleh karena itu warna, bentuk, dan ketahanan bunga menjadi tolak ukur untuk memilih Euphorbia yang berkualitas baik. Sosok tubuh tanaman juga dapat dijadikan kriteria dalam pemilihan Euphorbia.


Gaara ''Naruto"

Gaara (我愛羅, Gaara) is a major supporting character of the series, originally introduced as an antagonist. As the jinchūriki of the One-Tailed Shukaku, Gaara gained the nickname "Gaara of the Sand Waterfall" (砂瀑の我愛羅, Sabaku no Gaara; English "Gaara of the Desert"). In Part II of the series, he became the Fifth Kazekage (五代目風影, Godaime Kazekage; Literally meaning "Fifth Wind Shadow") of Sunagakure.

Gaara is the son of the Fourth Kazekage, and the younger brother of Temari and Kankurō. Before Gaara's birth, his father ordered Chiyo to seal the One-Tailed Shukaku within him, in hopes that Gaara would become the ultimate weapon for Sunagakure. Because a human sacrifice was needed, Gaara's mother, Karura, was used. Before she died, she cursed Sunagakure, hoping Gaara would avenge her death. Gaara was trained by his father, but raised mainly by his maternal uncle, Yashamaru.

Because of the power of Shukaku, the villagers of Suna hated and feared Gaara. Seeing him only for the monster sealed within him, for a time, Yashamaru seemed to be the only person who cared about Gaara. When Gaara would mistakenly harm others due to the subconscious abilities granted to him by Shukaku, Yashamaru would be the only one who understood that Gaara hadn't intended to harm anyone. Gaara's father, however, did not see Gaara in the same light, and viewed Gaara's frequent attacks upon villagers as a result of a failed experiment that was a threat to Suna.

Because of the danger Gaara imposed, his father began sending assassins to kill him, though when all attempts were met with failure, the Kazekage requested Yashamaru to kill Gaara. As a result, Yashamaru tried to assassinate Gaara, only to fail just as those before him. Gaara dealt a lethal blow to him. But when Gaara realised that it was Yashamaru, he was horrified, and screamed, before bursting into tears. Although Gaara tried to dismiss Yashamaru's attack as an order of the Kazekage, Yashamaru corrected him, by saying that he had willingly accepted the mission. Having never truly loved Gaara, Yashamaru hoped that killing Gaara would avenge the death of his sister, who had named Gaara after the phrase "a self-loving carnage" (我を愛する修羅, Ware wo ai suru shura), a sign of her intense hatred for Suna, not as love for her son. In the last ditch effort to kill Gaara, Yashamaru detonated a number of exploding tags covering his body, asking Gaara to "please die". Using his sand, Gaara survived the blast, and lost the only person he thought had cared for him. Gaara then used his sand to etch the kanji for love (愛, ai) onto his forehead, indicating his first actual injury. Since this incident, Gaara became an aloof and cruel person who would kill anyone to prove his existence and to obtain recognition from the village, all the while forfeiting his desire for friendship.

While Gaara had initially tried to be friendly towards others, despite their fear of him, Yashamaru's actions and words changed him. Realising that nobody loved him, Gaara used his sand to create the kanji on his forehead "love" (愛, ai), as a symbol of a "demon loving only himself", and to live up to his name, as Karura intended. Gaara became emotionally withdrawn, all but silent, and consumed with a bitter loathing for everyone but himself and "Mother": the voice of Shukaku in his head. He learned to find pleasure, and eventually a reason to live, in annihilating the numerous assassins sent to kill him – and, by extension, anyone who threatened his existence. This was only worsened by the occasional demand by Shukaku for blood to sate its blood lust, which resulted in Gaara being merciless, demonstrated when he murdered Baiu and Midare while ignoring their pleas.

Gaara's insomnia, forced upon him by the fear that the demon inside him would eat away at him if he were to fall asleep, only furthered his instability and desire to kill. In fact, his hatred extends to his siblings, as he never saw them as such, and was fully willing to kill them were they to cross him. In time, Gaara's father would come to appreciate Gaara and the uses he could serve, and cancelled all assassination orders in the hopes that Gaara would become an effective tool.

Gaara's childhood was, in many ways, similar to Naruto Uzumaki's, though more unfortunate due to his lack of anyone to call a friend. Both were lonely and desired to be liked, loved, and acknowledged as an individual, free of others' prejudices — they were themselves, not the demons they were forced to "contain" — and both were driven into a desperate state. While Naruto consequently developed the misconception that pranks and mischief would bring him the attention he sought, Gaara came to the conclusion that he could preserve and confirm his own existence by killing any and all who challenged it, securing an extreme form of existentialism as his key personality trait. In the absence of others' acknowledgement, he could compensate by valuing only himself to the exclusion of everyone else. Furthermore, while Naruto eventually had Iruka Umino and Team Kakashi to acknowledge him, Gaara never had anyone to bond with, not even his father or siblings, as they all despised and feared Shukaku that dwells within him. The person who was closest to being friendly with Gaara was the deceitful Yashamaru, who ultimately betrayed him, which turned Gaara into a lonely sociopath. As such, Gaara did not understand the concept of fighting for anything other than himself until his confrontation with Naruto.

After being defeated by Naruto, Gaara was shocked to find that Naruto knew very well the pain that Gaara had endured all his life. He was even more surprised that Naruto never gave up hope on being acknowledged as a person and ultimately found friends who truly cared for him. Seeing the determination that Naruto had to protect his friends made Gaara question his own path in life. Realising that he gave up too easily, Gaara decided to follow Naruto's path, wishing to become Kazekage of Sunagakure so he could be connected to his people, and hopefully have them finally acknowledge his existence as a person. Over the next few years, Gaara's determination to find happiness became apparent from his decision to rely on his own power rather than his inner demon's. Gaara eventually formed a close friendship with Naruto.

Since Gaara has become a close companion to Naruto, he has been able to change people's personalities towards him, such as Matsuri overpowering her fear of weapons, Ōnoki in the Five Kage Summit, persuaded practically the whole shinobi nation as a team before the war, and even Naruto himself when reflecting upon what he will choose to do as Sasuke's friend. This seems to be a similar trait from Naruto, a way of showing how he has changed from before.

Although he remained ruthless against his opponents, Gaara appears extremely protective of his allies and innocent people, as seen when he protected his village from Deidara; and his siblings, Darui and even the Raikage against Sasuke. He also appears to deeply understand those who have suffered from loneliness and hatred in the past by the look in their eyes, such as Naruto, Kimimaro, and even Sasuke.

As a Kage, Gaara believes that the ideals of previous generations, that each village must mind their own business and solve their own problems without having to ask for the aid of others in order to keep appearance and honour, is a "ridiculous old-fashioned thinking" and that cooperation between the villages is fundamental in order to defeat Akatsuki.


Like Naruto, Gaara is a little shorter than the average males of his age. He has pale skin and short, spiky hair that is brick-red. He has light green eyes the pupils of which, are mostly invisible. Gaara has no distinctive eyebrows either. He has two very notable traits in his appearance: firstly, he has tanuki-like black eye rings, having them since his birth due to insomnia caused by Shukaku. Secondly, he created the kanji "love" (愛) on the left side of his forehead, having it since Yashamaru's betrayal. Gaara's forelocks are parted from the left side, making the kanji more visible. Matsuri and Sari who both seem to have a crush on Gaara has described him as the strong silent type, elite and very handsome.

In Part I, Gaara has been seen in two different outfits. When he was seen for the first time, he wore black full body suit with t-shirt-like sleeves, ¾-length legs, and an open neck. With this, he wore a white cloth over his right shoulder and the left side of his hips, and a wide leather band system over the left shoulder and right side of his hips. With this leather band, he carried around his gourd containing his sand. He also wrapped his forehead protector over the band. In his childhood flashbacks, he was seen wearing beige poncho-like clothing with full-length blue trousers and a short-sleeved black t-shirt.

In the Sasuke Retrieval Arc, and in the final pre-Shippūden filler arc, he switched his previous black overalls to a reddish-brownish one with longer sleeves and an upright collar. He retained the white cloth, but had mesh armour on his wrists and ankles. He used this costume in Naruto the Movie 2: Legend of the Stone of Gelel as well.

In Part II, battling against Deidara and during the Kage summit, he wore full-length dark trousers, with a pair of laces on each leg, respectively a few inches below the waist and the knees, a long-sleeved crimson coat with flaring hemlines on the front and the back, a grey holster vest held in place by a single strap over his left shoulder and by two buckled belts which he uses to carry his gourd. He also wears another pair of casually worn belts around his waist. He is also seen wearing Kazekage robes, and a simple black tunic-trousers suit, the latter one greatly resembling Kankurō's suit, and worn for the memorial of Elder Chiyo. All the time, he has been seen wearing Sunagakure's standard shinobi sandals. As the Regimental Commander of the Allied Shinobi Forces, he added his village's flak jacket to his standard outfit.


Gaara is a very powerful shinobi, so much so that he was made Kazekage at the age of 15. Even Deidara commented on his power after he captured him, after he himself lost an arm to Gaara's attacks. Out of everyone of his generation, he had the greatest increase in rank. Even though he had lost the Shukaku, he was still powerful enough to remain Kazekage. The type of fighting style he uses is a stationary type, he rarely needs to move his entire body to attack an opponent. He has also shown to be a skilled teacher, teaching Matsuri how to use the jōhyō when he learned she was afraid of weapons. He has also shown an affinity in the Wind Release.

Sand Control

As the host of Shukaku, Gaara possesses the ability to manipulate sand, typically moving it through the air to serve various purposes. The amount of sand he can control at one time is immense: in Part II he is able to gather enough sand to shield the entire village of Sunagakure from Deidara's explosives, albeit at great physical exertion. If sand is lacking in abundance, Gaara can break down the earth minerals in the ground to create more sand. While he can control any dry sand, ordinary sand requires more chakra to manipulate, tiring him at a rapid rate. As a result, Gaara keeps his own chakra-infused sand with him at all times, in a calabash gourd also made out of sand on his back. Because this sand is already infused with his chakra, Gaara has a great deal more control over it, enabling stronger and faster attacks with it.

During battle, Gaara rarely moves, attacking with his sand from a single location, and rarely using taijutsu. When first introduced, his basic means of attacks is to first use Sand Binding Coffin to capture, immobilize, and potentially suffocate an opponent with sand. Once the opponent is subdued, he uses Sand Waterfall Funeral to cause the sand to crush the opponent with varying intensities. Though he comes up with other means of attack throughout the series, the "catch and crush" tactic remains at the centre of his fighting style. Gaara attempted to use it four times on Kimimaro but Kimimaro's sturdy bone structure makes him a frustrating target.

As the second element of his stationary combat style, Gaara has a number of sand-based defences to be used in case an opponent gets too close. His primary defence is his Shield of Sand, an automatic sand shield that surrounds and protects him from damage whether he wants it to or not. Gaara can control the shield to some degree, strengthening it to steel-like quality or calling upon it to completely encase himself. While an effective defence, the shield can be overcome with high speed attacks, or simply be broken through with incredibly forceful strikes. Should this happen, Gaara has a layer of sand covering his body called the Armour of Sand. Although it's a useful secondary defence, the armour requires large amounts of chakra to remain active, and also has the side-effect of weighting Gaara down.

In addition to these basic methods of offence and defence, Gaara also has a number of miscellaneous techniques that, while capable of being used as attacks or defences of sorts, are not limited to such purposes. By making a Sand Clone of himself, Gaara can have an ally to be used in battle, or as a mere distraction to be used to buy him time. Unlike most other clone jutsu in the series, the Sand Clone can retain its shape after more than one attack, and can even reform itself or capture an opponent upon being dispersed. With Desert Suspension, Gaara can use sand as a platform, to allow himself and others to float in the air. His Third Eye also allows him to create a floating eyeball of sand in any location, which he can see through as a means of spying, or to guide his attacks while completely enclosed by his defences. He also claimed that he can ride his sand to reach the Island Turtle, and would have been faster than if Ōnoki went there. His sand can also be used as sensing device: Gaara can detect when others step on it, even from far away.

Despite the removal of Shukaku, Gaara can still use his sand like before. According to Sasuke at the Kage Summit, Gaara's Absolute Defence is still alive and well. Not only that, but the sand has also massively improved in speed, defence, and offence since last time. He could not only block the Raikage's power kick seconds before it touched Sasuke's Blaze Release: Kagutsuchi, but even block Amaterasu itself several times as well. It is unknown if his sand defence is still automatic or requires his own will since Shukaku's absence.

Jinchūriki Transformations

In desperate situations, Gaara was able to take on the form of Shukaku by layering sand on his body, making him many times more powerful than he already is. Shukaku's personality grew more dominant during this transformation, increasing Gaara's homicidal tendencies. Once finished, Gaara assumed a human-sized version of Shukaku, wherein he relied on his brute strength to destroy everything around him.

If need be, Gaara could almost instantly create a life-sized version of Shukaku, should the human-sized form fail. In this form, he remained deep within the copy of Shukaku, safe from harm, though unable to move. Gaara could also unleash the spirit of Shukaku through his Feigning Sleep Technique, which forced him to sleep, allowing the Shukaku copy to operate at its full potential. To do so, however, Gaara must emerge from within the copy, leaving him open to attack for the duration of the jutsu.

In time, he began gaining better control over Shukaku, such that he could suppress its personality by himself towards the end of the anime's filler arcs. By the time Part II began, Gaara was even capable of using Shukaku's arms to attack numerous times, without losing control of himself.

Due to the removal of Shukaku, it is unclear whether Gaara can still use Shukaku's arms or any jutsu that involves its traits such as Ultimately Hard Absolute Defence: Shield of Shukaku or Ultimately Hard Absolute Attack: Spear of Shukaku in combat.

Part I

Chūnin Exam Arc

Gaara participated in the Chūnin Exams, where he was quickly identified as a skilled competitor. He was able to pass the first phase without giving any indications that he was cheating. During the second phase, he demonstrated his thirst for blood, coldly murdering Team Shigure, who Gaara claimed had looked at him the wrong way, and threatened to kill his own siblings when they tried to reason with him. Gaara and his team finished this phase in an hour and thirty-seven minutes, beating the previous record by over four hours, with Gaara not getting so much as a speck of dust on his clothes, a feat that would be very difficult even for an experienced ninja.

Gaara caught in Lee's Front Lotus.

In the preliminary matches, Gaara was matched against Rock Lee. Lee's formidable speed and strength were enough to bypass Gaara's Shield of Sand completely, forcing him to rely on his secondary Armour of Sand. Despite Lee's best efforts, Gaara's sand protected him from even Lee's Reverse Lotus, which left Lee in no condition to fight after its use. Gaara used his sand to crush the weakened Lee's arm and leg, critically injuring him. Gaara tried to kill Lee, but Might Guy intervened before he could harm Lee any further. For the finals, Gaara was matched against Sasuke Uchiha. In the month before the finals, Dosu Kinuta tried to kill Gaara in order to ensure that he could fight Sasuke. Gaara promptly killed him with the power of Shukaku.

Gaara in his fight with Sasuke.

In the final round matches of the Chūnin Exams, Gaara was to play a major role in Orochimaru's invasion upon Konohagakure, by releasing Shukaku within the center of the village. Prior to his battle with Sasuke, he brutally killed Shiba and Midori, both of whom tried to threaten Gaara to lose the battle for a bet. When fighting Sasuke, he realizes he has taijutsu as high as Lee after the month's training. Not caring what happens, Gaara tries to transform. However, he was wounded by Sasuke's Chidori, disabling him from transforming or serving his role in the invasion. With Gaara no longer in a condition to join the battle, Gaara and his siblings fled the village, while the invasion proceeded without them.

Invasion of Konoha Arc

Gaara was pursued by the members of Team 7, along with Shikamaru Nara and Shino Aburame, which forced Gaara to begin transforming into Shukaku. As his transformation progressed, Sasuke tried to use Chidori two additional times, but when both proved ineffective at stopping Gaara, he was left exhausted. Gaara tried to kill Sasuke, but was stopped by Naruto and Sakura's arrivals. This gave Gaara a short flashback of his betrayed childhood. Intrigued by Naruto's abilities, Gaara pinned Sakura to a tree, in order to force Naruto to fight.

Naruto, scared, stayed to fight against him to protect his friends. Though Gaara seemed to have the upper hand, Naruto attacks the lower base of the tail, using One Thousand Years of Death learned from Kakashi Hatake, (only in this attack, Naruto uses a kunai with an exploding tag attached to it, which reduces Gaara's defence tremendously when it explodes, giving Naruto the upper hand in the battle). When beaten down by the massive shadow clones Naruto summoned, Gaara angers, and releases the body of the One-Tailed Shukaku. Naruto then summons Gamabunta right before Gaara could kill him.

Shukaku unleashed

Gaara then used the Feigning Sleep Technique to let Shukaku take full control in the battle. Once Shukaku proved to be stronger than Gamabunta, he and Naruto used their Combination Transformation technique to transform into a giant fox (the Nine-Tailed Demon Fox in the anime) so he can cling onto Shukaku for Naruto to hit Gaara for the beast to be resealed. This became successful, but Naruto's chakra became drained. Naruto used some of the Nine-Tails' chakra, then head butted Gaara, making Shukaku's body crumble.

With the last of their energy, the two exchanged final blows, Naruto ending up claiming victory. Gaara was puzzled by Naruto's undying devotion to his friends, causing Gaara to realise that Naruto's strength came from the desire to protect those close to him. As Gaara and his siblings fled the scene, Gaara openly apologized to Kankurō and Temari, which surprised and confused them. Thanks to Naruto's influence, the defeat proved to be a major turning point for Gaara.

Sasuke Retrieval Arc

Team Baki was called by the Fifth Hokage to assist the Sasuke Retrieval Squad in retrieving Sasuke when he defected from Konoha. Gaara arrived to save Rock Lee in time from preventing Kimimaro's final blow. Though Lee tried to continue, Gaara stopped him, telling Lee that he is in no condition to fight since Gaara injured Lee during the Chūnin Exams. This showed Gaara's new personality. In the fight, Gaara showed off several new abilities, proving too much for Kimimaro. Once Kimimaro released the 2nd state of his Cursed Seal of Earth, this proved too much for Gaara, and in the end, he almost defeated the two, only to be luckily saved by Kimimaro's unknown disease which killed him.

After the battle, Gaara explains even a person on the side of evil has someone precious in them, and explains to Lee that he was like Naruto Uzumaki. Later, the two returned to Konoha. After this, Gaara and the rest of the Sand Siblings returned to Sunagakure, though in the anime, he and his siblings helped the village's Ninja Academy before leaving, as stated from Shikamaru.

Ultimate Weapon Arc

The Sand Siblings would later appear when they became teachers at a Konoha-style ninja academy at Suna. As an instructor, Gaara took on the only student who was willing to train under him, Matsuri. Because of Matsuri's fear of weapons, Gaara trained her to use a jōhyō, a relatively non-lethal weapon. When a group of people called the Four Celestial Symbols Men kidnapped her in order to get to Gaara, Suna then called for aid from the Konoha 11 to repay their help during the Sasuke Retrieval Arc.

Gaara first fought Suiko, then he caught and attacked the Four Celestial Symbols Men leader, Hōki, but was captured. Naruto tries desperately to save Gaara, though nothing would work. To escape, Gaara did a partial Shukaku transformation, reviving the Takumi Village's ultimate weapon, Seimei. Gaara later destroyed Seimei with Ultimately Hard Absolute Attack: Spear of Shukaku, and killed him with a Sand Waterfall Imperial Funeral.

After this, Gaara rests in the Konoha hospital, and overhears Naruto's conversation with Jiraiya. Gaara and the rest of the siblings, including Matsuri, leave Konohagakure.

Part II

Kazekage Rescue Arc

Having become the Fifth Kazekage during the gap in time between Part I and II, Gaara was targeted by Akatsuki, who sought to extract Shukaku from within him. Gaara held his own against Deidara, crushing Deidara's left arm and had him on the run for most of the battle, but his inevitable duty to protect Sunagakure was taken advantage of by Deidara, who threatened to drop one of his most powerful bombs on the village. Gaara prevented any damage being inflicted by summoning a vast amount of sand to cover it entirely, albeit at the cost of practically all of his remaining chakra, which left him open for capture. Being unconscious, he was taken to Akatsuki's hideout by Deidara.

Although Team Kakashi did their best to save Gaara, they did not arrive in time to stop Akatsuki's extraction of Shukaku, resulting in Gaara's death. Naruto Uzumaki cried in front of him, regretting his inability to save both Sasuke and Gaara. He blamed the rest of the Sand shinobi because it was on their behalf that Shukaku was sealed inside of Gaara in the first place, and because they let him feel so much pain as a child. However, Chiyo resurrected Gaara with the help of Naruto's chakra using her life-restoring technique, in the hopes that it would make up for her sealing of Shukaku into Gaara years earlier, and that Naruto and Gaara would both change the world, by bringing Gaara back to life at the cost of her own. Gaara awoke, shocked by being surrounded by his friends from Konoha and the Sunagakure shinobi that had gone looking for him, all relieved that he was all right. This was the first time Gaara truly felt loved and not so alone. Gaara later ordered everyone to pray for Chiyo.

Chiyo giving her own life for Gaara.

Before Naruto went back home, he tried to say goodbye, but admitted that it wasn't something he was good at. Gaara used some sand to encourage and guide Naruto's hand, and the two shook hands, symbolizing Gaara and Naruto's friendship, and Gaara's new characteristics. Even with Shukaku removed, Gaara still retained his ability to control sand and went on to continue his work as Kazekage.

Konoha History Arc

Gaara remembers a joint mission with Team 7. On the rendezvous point the two teams meet. In Gaara's team are two rookies: Korobi and Yaoki, who are at first scared of Gaara and his abilities. After Sunagakure sent Gaara on the mission, an assassination squad from Sunagakure, who were ordered to assassinate Gaara, followed him shortly after. With the help of Naruto Uzumaki, and his two rookie team-mates, Gaara defeats the Suna Assassin Captain and his squad. They then complete their primary mission of eliminating the bandits. In the end Yaoki and Korobi became some of Gaara's first friends, thus creating one of his very first bonds with people.

Five Kage Summit Arc

Because of Akatsuki's increasing activity, the Fourth Raikage calls for a meeting of the five Kage. When Gaara left for the summit, his hair had grown a little longer, he still wore his sand gourd on his back, and the traditional Kazekage hat and gown were attached to it. Temari and Kankurō accompany him for protection, but Kankurō notes that he doesn't need bodyguards.

The Five Kage Meeting.

Gaara is the first Kage to arrive in the Land of Iron. When the other Kage arrive and the meeting starts, Gaara is the first to speak. He indicates that, because he was captured by Akatsuki and died while the Shukaku was removed from his body, being revived later on, he considers the organisation very dangerous. He adds that he had previously requested collaboration between the villages against Akatsuki, but that only Tsunade of Konoha responded. Gaara is repeatedly interrupted by the other Kage for the rest of the meeting and his input is dismissed because of his young age. Only the Fifth Mizukage was willing to listen to Gaara; even at one point defending him from Third Tsuchikage's disrespectful behaviour.

When Sasuke is revealed to have infiltrated the meeting and the Raikage goes to fight him, Ōnoki offered to give him tips on how to be a good Kage, having previously dismissed Gaara's suggestions on the basis that he was too young. Gaara voices his concern with the others' lack of ethics and says that a world without faith and understanding would be a world with only fear. Gaara, Kankurō, and Temari then leave to join the Raikage's battle with Sasuke. When they arrive, Gaara uses his sand to stop Sasuke and the Raikage from attacking each other, demonstrating that despite the loss of Shukaku, Gaara's sand manipulation powers were still strong and is even more powerful than before to be able to block the Raikage with his Lightning armour on.

Sand Siblings vs Sasuke.

While the Raikage recuperates, Gaara tries to convince Sasuke to stop living in the darkness, citing past experience by saying no good will come of it. Sasuke could not be convinced so, with a tear in his eye, Gaara attacks Sasuke with his Sand Shield which Sasuke comments to be extremely swift and hard enough to penetrate Susanoo's ribs which causes Sasuke to rely on his Blaze release as a more defensive measure. Sasuke also attacks Gaara with Amaterasu, which seems too slow and ineffective against the automatic Sand Shield. After showing an equal match, Darui joins with Gaara, Kankuro and Temari to form a combined attack at Sasuke.

Sasuke is able to elude their combined efforts. They follow him back to the room where the Kage met and find Sasuke with Madara Uchiha. Madara sends Sasuke away and tells everyone in attendance about his Eye of the Moon Plan. Because Madara concludes by requesting that the Kage give him Naruto, Gaara refuses. The other Kage agree, so Madara declares the start of the Fourth Shinobi World War.

Immediately after Madara teleported away, Gaara brought the group's attention back to the need of an alliance, now more than ever. After agreements were made, Gaara offered to relay the news to Konoha through a ninja he trusted that was Kakashi as Danzō proved himself untrustworthy. He also pointed out the importance of not playing into Madara's hands by carelessly putting the remaining jinchūriki out in the open as mere weapons, and thereby risk them being captured. Mifune agrees to let the Raikage to lead the alliance. Gaara and the rest of the Kage accept the offer, and, as the first objective, they must inform all the Daimyō about the incident.

Gaara talks to Naruto about what to do with Sasuke.

Gaara and his siblings later confront Naruto and the others to tell what has happened at the meeting in the Five Kage Summit. He also tells Naruto that he and Killer Bee cannot be seen in combat at the war, and that if Sasuke tries to threaten Naruto, he will show no mercy against him. Recalling Sasuke's statement that he no longer saw the light, Gaara tells Naruto that his friend now only sees darkness. Grasping Naruto, Gaara states that Naruto once dreamed of becoming Hokage, while he himself became Kazekage, and to wield the title of Kage means knowing when to do the right thing.

Naruto shoves Gaara's hand off of his shoulder, and stays silent reflecting his words. Before Gaara and his siblings leave, Gaara tells Naruto he is his friend. He then states "friends" isn't just a word, but something with meaning. He then tells Naruto to reflect that meaning, and think what will be the right thing to do to Sasuke. Finally, he and his siblings leave to Sunagakure. Later it is seen that Gaara and his siblings have safely returned to the village and had already sent a message via a Messenger Hawk about the meeting's events so that the relaying of Madara's declaration of war was heard and the formation of the Alliance could be approved by the Daimyō. The other Sand ninja tells them that the Daimyō have agreed to the Ninja Alliance.

Confining the Jinchūriki Arc

Gaara is next seen at the Kage meeting called by the Raikage, accompanied by Temari. They proceed to discuss about Killer Bee, Naruto, their enemy, and the current status of their respective villages. When the Fifth Hokage is outraged by the agreement to hide the two remaining jinchūriki, Gaara reminded her that it wasn't up to her to make decisions unilaterally. Gaara then reminded Tsunade of the risk Naruto would cause if left free as Naruto would do whatever it takes in order to protect his friends.

During a meeting of the Shinobi Alliance they receive word that information has been leaked on the whereabouts of the hidden jinchūriki. The Tsuchikage offers to go, but in his enthusiasm throws out his back. Gaara then offers to go to the island as reinforcement, since he could get there quickly by riding on his sand. Despite this, the Tsuchikage goes anyway.

When the Tsuchikage is returning from the island then the last meeting is held in order to fully prepare for the war. Gaara offers him the newly made forehead protectors of the Allied Forces.

Shinobi World War Arc

After the Alliance ninja are placed into separate divisions, he is placed in charge of the main regiment as Regimental Commander as well as the commander of the Fourth Division. When a Suna and Iwa Shinobi began quarrelling in the ranks, nearly coming to blows, Gaara broke them up and told them about Naruto. He said he was born of the hatred between the villages, yet his fellow jinchūriki, Naruto, bore him no ill will. At the end of the speech, everyone was united and all went out for battle. Later, Gaara's division and Darui division march together up until Gaara gives the signal and the two divisions go on their separate ways. Gaara is seen stationed in a rocky area when his Sand Sensing alerts him to the presence of the . He uses his Third Eye to gather intel on the situation, learning that his father has also been summoned along with them. He then signals his division that the enemy is close. Soon afterwards, the Third Tsuchikage arrives. Gaara reasons that there is no reason for the Tsuchikage to strain his back, and is told that his earlier words are the reason Ōnoki is picking up his principles again.


  • (To Yashamaru) "What does pain feel like?"
  • "I finally understand... I'm alone. I won't believe in anyone, or love anyone. I'm alone."
  • "The corpse's bitter crimson tears flow and mingle with the endless sand, filling the chaos within me - and making me stronger."
  • (To Naruto and Shikamaru) "I am a relic they want to get rid of, so why do I exist and live? In order to exist you need a purpose, to exist for no reason is the same as being dead... I would love only myself and fight for only myself. If all other people exist to magnify that love, then there is no more a splendid universe than this one..."
  • (To Sasuke) "You have the same eyes as I do... the eyes, filled with hatred and death, that long for strength... just like mine... your eyes tell me how badly you wish to kill the one who put you through the hell called loneliness."
  • (To Naruto) "I shall kill you. I will not cease to exist."
  • (To Rock Lee) "You're the same then. When you feel the honour of your idol under scrutiny... you become enraged, as if it were your own honour being questioned. The more precious your idol is to you... the harder you fight for him."
  • "Perhaps the companionship of an evil person is preferable to loneliness."
  • (To Kankurō) "Up until now, my bonds with others have only been ones of hatred and murder. But, seeing him fight so hard made me wonder what a bond really is. I think I understand a little now. Suffering, sadness... and joy. To be able to share it with another person. Naruto Uzumaki... when I fought him, I feel that is what he taught me."
  • (To Ōnoki, the Third Tsuchikage) "When did you forsake yourselves?"
  • (To Madara Uchiha) "Peace under an illusion is not true peace. It's only meaningful if the real world manages to accomplish it."
  • (To Naruto) "For the sake of the ninja world and as the Kazekage, I will guard you with my life."
  • (To Naruto) "If you're truly prepared to take up the mantle of a Kage, then as Sasuke's friend, you know what you have to do."
  • (To Naruto) "I think of you as a friend. I used to think "friend" was just another word... Nothing more, nothing less. But when I met you, I realised what was important was the word's meaning."
  • (To Tsunade about hiding Naruto) "I know him well. He takes too many risks when it comes to his friends... that's why."
  • "This is where it all starts for me. Starting with this small bond. I too want to become someone who is needed, instead of a weapon that is feared. And as the Kazekage of Sunagakure."
  • "He was the one who taught me to deepen my bond with my people. Thanks to him, I was able to regain my true self. That village has him, the one who cherishes a friend's bond more than anyone I know. Naruto Uzumaki.... Knowing him and the friends he holds so dear, they will overcome this disaster and grow even stronger from it."
  • (To the Allied Shinobi Forces) "There are no enemies here because we've all suffered at Akatsuki's hand! So there is no Suna, no Iwa, no Konoha, no Kiri, and no Kumo! There are only "shinobi"!"


Idiocracy 'Good Film'

Idiocracy is a 2006 American satirical science fiction comedy, directed by Mike Judge and starring Luke Wilson, Maya Rudolph and Dax Shepard.

The film tells the story of two ordinary people who are taken into a top-secret military hibernation experiment that goes awry, and awaken 500 years in the future. They discover that the world has degenerated into a dystopia where advertising, commercialism, and cultural anti-intellectualism run rampant and dysgenic pressure has resulted in a uniformly stupid human society devoid of intellectual curiosity, social responsibility and coherent notions of justice and human rights.

Despite its lack of a major theatrical release, the film has achieved a cult following.


During the prologue, a narrator (Earl Mann) explains that in modern society, natural selection is indifferent toward intelligence. In a society in which stupid people easily out-breed the intelligent, the result is a world that has degenerated into a barely functioning society held together by a rapidly crumbling, mostly automated technological infrastructure that was created by intelligent individuals many years (perhaps centuries) earlier that few, if any, of the less intelligent members of 26th Century society know how to operate or fix. In the 26th Century, highway overpasses have collapsed, structurally failing buildings are tied together for support, automated vacuuming systems barely function, voice-prompted machinery regularly misinterprets commands, computers automatically lay off workers without anybody knowing how to stop them, nuclear power plants leak and go unrepaired, and buildings often have huge holes in their roofs.

In 2005, Corporal Joe Bauers (Luke Wilson), a US Army librarian graphed as the Army's "most average" soldier, and Rita (Maya Rudolph), a prostitute whose pimp, Upgrayedd, (pronounced as "Upgrade") is paid to make sure she is not missed, are guinea pigs in a secret, year-long, military hibernation project. They are sealed in their hibernation chambers, to be awakened a year later, but the experiment is forgotten when the officer in charge, Lieutenant Colonel Collins, is arrested for having started his own prostitution ring under the tutelage of Upgrayedd. The military base is demolished, and a Fuddruckers (gradually renamed to "Buttfuckers") is built on the site.

Five hundred years in the future, Joe and Rita's hibernation chambers are jarred open by an enormous garbage avalanche. Joe crashes into the apartment of Frito Pendejo (Dax Shepard), a typical idiot of the future, with an apartment full of junk food and a prominent, giant television that is covered with advertisements. Joe heads to the hospital where he receives a diagnosis from a stoned doctor (Justin Long) of being "'tarded", "fucked up" and "talking like a fag" (i.e. speaking in grammatical, semantically precise sentences).

Seeing the date of 2505 on a magazine repeated on his bill, Joe realizes that 500 years have passed since he was frozen and he flees the hospital. Joe is arrested for not paying his hospital bill and for not having a barcode tattoo, which all residents have imprinted on their left arm. Meanwhile, Rita is not as shocked to see the newly changed world and quickly learns to take advantage of the lower intelligence of those around her to earn money as a prostitute.

At his trial, Joe's public defense lawyer, Frito, helps convict him, citing the damage done to his apartment and Joe's ruining his enjoyment of a new episode of "Ow, My Balls". Joe is imprisoned. The I.D.-tattoo machine interprets Joe's confused response as his name, branding him "Not Sure". Joe takes an IQ test before escaping jail. Joe returns to Frito's apartment, asking him if a time machine exists to help him return to 2005. Frito claims there is one, but agrees to help only after Joe promises him billions of dollars.

En route to the time machine, Joe and Frito find Rita. She does not realize that she's been asleep for 500 years until Joe tells her so, but even so, she fears Upgrayedd will find her. Frito leads them to a city-sized Costco, where Joe is arrested again after his bar code is accidentally scanned. Instead of being returned to jail, Joe is taken to the White House to be signed in as the new Secretary of the Interior, President Camacho (Terry Crews), a former porn star and professional wrestler, having seen the results of Joe's IQ test which show Joe as the smartest man alive. In a speech the President charges Joe with solving the world's problems: food shortages, dust bowls, a crippled economy, and related issues. If he doesn't solve the problems within a week, the President will kick him in the balls and send him back to prison.

Though Joe initially professes that he knows nothing of resolving these issues, when he discovers that the crops are watered with a Gatorade-like sports drink named "Brawndo", which has caused salt to accumulate in the soil rendering it poisonous to plants, he finds himself knowledgeable enough to correct the problem. The narrator comments that "Brawndo has replaced water virtually everywhere" and that Brawndo purchased the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Federal Communications Commission. In response to the plan to correct the problem by switching to plain water, White House cabinet members continuously repeat the Brawndo tag line, "Brawndo's got what plants crave. It's got electrolytes", without understanding that electrolytes are simply salt.

After several failed attempts to explain the problem to the cabinet members, Joe instead convinces them that he can talk to plants, and persuades the cabinet members to start irrigating the crops with water. Unbeknownst to Joe, half the country works for Brawndo and his decision to use water in the fields causes the company's stock to plummet, leading to massive automatic layoffs and unemployment, apparently without improving the crop situation. The angry population riots, and Joe is sentenced to "Rehabilitation", a demolition derby featuring undefeated "Rehabilitation Officer" Beef Supreme (Andrew Wilson).

Meanwhile, Rita discovers that Joe's reintroduction of water to the soil has finally made vegetation sprout in the fields. To save Joe (and with Frito in tow), she bribes a TV cameraman to show the thriving crops to the world. Imperiled, Joe gives a heartfelt speech, asking everyone if they really want to kill the one person who's trying to help them, but the audience simply responds by laughing at him. Just in time, Frito shows the thriving crops. The President sees the thriving new plants on the stadium's big screen televisions and gives Joe a full pardon just as he is about to be incinerated by a flamethrower. At the celebration, Joe decides to stay and help repair civilization and the President names Joe Vice President. He later finds that the time machine spoken of earlier is simply a highly inaccurate amusement park history ride.

Joe serves a short term as Vice President and is subsequently elected to the presidency. The narrator states that, although Joe did not save humanity from itself, he did put it back on the track toward intelligence. Joe and Rita marry and have the world's three smartest children, while Frito, now Joe's Vice President, takes eight wives and fathers thirty-two of the world's stupidest children, echoing the introduction to the film.

After the credits, a third hibernation capsule is shown opening, releasing a snappily dressed Upgrayedd intent on tracking down Rita.


Institut Teknologi Bandung

Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) adalah sebuah perguruan tinggi negeri yang berkedudukan di Kota Bandung. ITB didirikan pada tanggal 2 Maret 1959. Saat ini status ITB adalah BHMN (Badan Hukum Milik Negara).

Kampus utama ITB saat ini merupakan lokasi dari sekolah tinggi teknik pertama di Indonesia. Walaupun masing-masing institusi pendidikan tinggi yang mengawali ITB memiliki karakteristik dan misi masing-masing, semuanya memberikan pengaruh dalam perkembangan yang menuju pada pendirian ITB.

Asrama mahasiswa, perumahan dosen, dan kantor pusat administrasi tidak terletak di kampus utama namun masih dalam jangkauan yang mudah untuk ditempuh. Fasilitas yang tersedia di kampus di antaranya toko buku, kantor pos, kantin, bank, dan klinik.

Selain ruangan kuliah, laboratorium, bengkel dan studio, ITB memiliki sebuah galeri seni yaitu Galeri Soemardja, fasilitas olah raga, dan sebuah Campus Center. Di dekat kampus juga terdapat Masjid Salman untuk beribadah dan aktivitas keagamaan umat Islam di ITB. Untuk mendukung pelaksanaan aktivitas akademik dan riset, terdapat fasilitas-fasilitas pendukung akademik, dintaranya Perpustakaan Pusat (dengan koleksi sekira 150.000 buku dan 1000 judul jurnal), Sarana Olah Raga Sasana Budaya Ganesha, Pusat Bahasa, Pusat layanan komputer (ComLabs) dan Observatorium Bosscha (salah satu fasilitas dari Kelompok Keahlian Astronomi FMIPA), terletak 11 kilometer di sebelah utara Bandung.


Sejarah ITB bermula sejak awal abad kedua puluh, atas prakarsa masyarakat penguasa waktu itu. Gagasan mula pendirianya terutama dimaksudkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga teknik yang menjadi sulit karena terganggunya hubungan antara negeri Belanda dan wilayah jajahannya di kawasan Nusantara, sebagai akibat pecahnya Perang Dunia Pertama. De Techniche Hoogeschool te Bandung berdiri tanggal 3 Juli 1920.

ITB didirikan pada 3 Juli 1920 dengan nama "Technische Hooge School (THS)" te Bandoeng dengan satu fakultas de Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap yang hanya mempunyai satu jurusan de afdeeling der Weg en Waterbouw. ITB juga merupakan tempat di mana presiden Indonesia pertama, Soekarno meraih gelar insinyurnya dalam bidang Teknik Sipil.

Pada masa penjajahan Jepang, THS diubah namanya menjadi バンドン工業大学 (Bandung Kōgyō Daigaku?). Kemudian pada masa kemerdekaan Indonesia, tahun 1945, namanya diubah menjadi "Sekolah Tinggi Teknik (STT) Bandung". Pada tahun 1946, STT Bandung dipindahkan ke Yogyakarta dan menjadi cikal bakal lahirnya Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Pada tanggal 21 Juni 1946, NICA mendirikan Universiteit Van Indonesie dengan Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap sebagai pengganti STT Bandung. Dan pada 6 Oktober 1947, Faculteit van Exacte Wetenschap berdiri. Ini kemudian menjadi Fakultas Teknik dan Fakultas Ilmu Pasti dan Ilmu Alam Universitas Indonesia.

Kemudian pada tanggal 2 Maret 1959, Fakultas Teknik dan Fakultas Ilmu Pasti dan Ilmu Alam secara resmi memisahkan diri menjadi Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB).

Didorong oleh gagasan dan keyakinan yang dilandasi semangat perjuangan Proklamasi Kemerdekaan serta wawasan ke masa depan, Pemerintah Indonesia meresmikan berdirinya Institut Teknologi Bandung pada tanggal 2 Maret 1959 . Berbeda dengan harkat pendirian lima perguruan tinggi teknik sebelumnya di kampus yang sama, Institut Teknologi Bandung lahir dalam suasana penuh dinamika mengemban misi pengabdian ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, yang berpijak pada kehidupan nyata di bumi sendiri bagi kehidupan dan pembangunan bangsa yang maju dan bermartabat.

Kurun dasawarsa pertama tahun 1960-an ITB mulai membina dan melengkapi dirinya dengan kepranataan yang harus diadakan. Dalam periode ini dilakukan persiapan pengisian-pengisian organisasi bidang pendidikan dan pengajaran, serta melengkapkan jumlah dan meningkatkan kemampuan tenaga pengajar dengan penugasan belajar ke luar negeri.

Kurun dasawarsa kedua tahun 1970-an ITB diwarnai oleh masa sulit yang timbul menjelang periode pertama. Satuan akademis yang telah dibentuk berubah menjadi satuan kerja yang juga berfungsi sebagai satuan sosial-ekonomi yang secara terbatas menjadi institusi semi-otonom. Tingkat keakademian makin meningkat, tetapi penugasan belajar ke luar negeri makin berkurang. Sarana internal dan kepranataan semakin dimanfaatkan.

Kurun dasawarsa ketiga tahun 1980-an ditandai dengan kepranataan dan proses belajar mengajar yang mulai memasuki era modern dengan sarana fisik kampus yang makin dilengkapi. Jumlah lulusan sarjana makin meningkat dan program pasca sarjana mulai dibuka. Keadaan ini didukung oleh makin membaiknya kondisi sosio-politik dan ekonomi negara.

Kurun dasawarsa keempat tahun 1990-an perguruan tinggi teknik yang semula hanya mempunyai satu jurusan pendidikan itu, kini memiliki dua puluh enam Departemen Program Sarjana, termasuk Departemen Sosioteknologi, tiga puluh empat Program Studi S2/Magister dan tiga Bidang Studi S3/Doktor yang mencakup unsur-unsur ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi, seni, bisnis dan ilmu-ilmu kemanusiaan.

Kini, dengan suplai tahunan pelajar-pelajar Indonesia terbaik, ITB merupakan pusat ilmu sains, teknologi, dan seni terbaik di Indonesia.[rujukan?]

ITB juga mendukung para pelajar dan aktivitas sosial mereka dengan mendukung himpunan mahasiswa yang ada di setiap departemen.

Setiap tahunnya, ITB memilih seorang mahasiswa terbaik untuk dikirim ke pemilihan mahasiswa teladan nasional. Ganesha Prize adalah nama penghargaan untuk mereka yang mendapatkan gelar mahasiswa terbaik ini. Penghargaan ini biasanya diberikan secara resmi pada seremoni penerimaan mahasiswa baru.

Fakultas dan Sekolah

Saat ini ITB memiliki 12 fakultas atau sekolah. Keduabelas fakultas/sekolah tersebut adalah:

  1. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA)
    1. Astronomi
    2. Kimia
    3. Matematika
    4. Fisika
  2. Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati (SITH)
    1. Biologi
    2. Mikrobiologi
  3. Sekolah Farmasi (SF)
    1. Sains dan Teknologi Farmasi
    2. Farmasi Klinik dan Komunitas
  4. Fakultas Teknik Pertambangan dan Perminyakan (FTTM)
    1. Teknik Metalurgi
    2. Teknik Pertambangan
    3. Teknik Perminyakan
    4. Teknik Geofisika
  5. Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian (FITB)
    1. Teknik Geodesi dan Geomatika
    2. Teknik Geologi
    3. Meteorologi
    4. Oseanografi
  6. Fakultas Teknologi Industri (FTI)
    1. Teknik Kimia
    2. Teknik Fisika
    3. Teknik Industri
    4. Manajemen Rekayasa Industri
  7. Fakultas Teknik Mesin dan Dirgantara (FTMD)
    1. Teknik Mesin
    2. Aeronotika dan Astronotika
    3. Teknik Material
  8. Sekolah Teknik Elektro dan Informatika (STEI)
    1. Teknik Elektro
    2. Teknik Tenaga Elektrik
    3. Teknik Telekomunikasi
    4. Teknik Informatika
    5. Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi
  9. Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan (FTSL)
    1. Teknik Sipil
    2. Teknik Lingkungan
    3. Teknik Kelautan
  10. Sekolah Arsitektur, Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Kebijakan (SAPPK)
    1. Arsitektur
    2. Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota
  11. Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain (FSRD)
    1. Seni Rupa Murni
    2. Desain Komunikasi Visual
    3. Desain Interior
    4. Desain Produk
    5. Kriya Seni
  12. Sekolah Bisnis dan Manajemen (SBM)
    1. Manajemen

Fakultas adalah unit pendidikan di ITB yang memiliki setidak-tidaknya 3 program studi tingkat Sarjana, sementara Sekolah adalah unit pendidikan yang hanya memiliki 1 atau 2 program studi tingkat Sarjana. Namun ada kecenderungan beberapa sekolah untuk mempertahankan nama mereka yang sudah baku seperti STEI yang sudah memiliki 8 program kekhususan di tingkat Sarjana, dan SBM yang memiliki 3 program kekhususan di tingkat Sarjana. Baik Fakultas maupun Sekolah masing-masing dipimpin oleh seorang dekan. Perbedaan Fakultas dengan Sekolah di ITB hanyalah sekadar terminologi belaka.

Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa ITB

Thxx for wiki


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